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The Execution of Admiral John Byng as a Microhistory of Eighteenth-Century Britain

The Execution of Admiral John Byng as a Microhistory of Eighteenth-Century Britain
Author: Joseph J. Krulder
Publisher: Routledge
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2021-04-26
Genre: History
ISBN: 1000381188

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According to Voltaire's Candide, Admiral John Byng's 1757 execution went forward to 'encourage the others'. Of course, the story is more complicated. This microhistorical account upon a macro-event presents an updated, revisionist, and detailed account of a dark chapter in British naval history. Asking 'what was Britain like the moment Byng returned to Portsmouth after the Battle of Minorca (1756)?' not only returns a glimpse of mid-eighteenth century Britain but provides a deeper understanding of how a wartime admiral, the son of a peer, of some wealth, a once colonial governor, and sitting member of parliament came to be scapegoated and then executed for the failings of others. This manuscript presents a cultural, social, and political dive into Britain at the beginning of the Seven Years' War. Part 1 focuses on ballad, newspaper, and prize culture. Part 2 makes a turn towards the social where religion, morality, rioting, and disease play into the Byng saga. Admiral Byng's record during the 1755 Channel Campaign is explored, as is the Mediterranean context of the Seven Years' War, troubles elsewhere in the empire, and then the politics behind Byng's trial and execution.


The Execution of Illegal Orders and International Criminal Responsibility

The Execution of Illegal Orders and International Criminal Responsibility
Author: Hiromi Sato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 175
Release: 2011-02-16
Genre: Law
ISBN: 3642167535

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The legal consequence of the superior orders defense has long been debated as one of the major problems in international criminal law. Several controversial issues such as the immunity of the state, the absolute character of military discipline, and immunity on the grounds of mistake of law and/or coercion have been complexly interwoven in the debates. The Execution of Illegal Orders and International Criminal Responsibility provides a comprehensive portrait of the relevant debates at the international level up to the present, analyzes the conflicting views, and shows the significance of the development of international rules for the superior orders defense as well as the implication of the fact that issues concerning some detailed or related rules have been left unresolved. This study presents to present a new standpoint not only on dealing with the problem of the superior orders defense but also on reconsidering the international stipulation of rulemaking with regard to criminal matters.


On Conducting (Üeber Das Dirigiren); A Treatise on Style in the Execution of Classical Music

On Conducting (Üeber Das Dirigiren); A Treatise on Style in the Execution of Classical Music
Author: Richard Wagner
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 117
Release: 2023-09-06
Genre: Fiction
ISBN: 3387032234

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Reproduction of the original. The publishing house Megali specialises in reproducing historical works in large print to make reading easier for people with impaired vision.


Execution Culture in Nineteenth Century Britain

Execution Culture in Nineteenth Century Britain
Author: Patrick Low
Publisher: Routledge
Total Pages: 217
Release: 2020-11-29
Genre: History
ISBN: 1000095819

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This edited collection offers multi-disciplinary reflections and analysis on a variety of themes centred on nineteenth century executions in the UK, many specifically related to the fundamental change in capital punishment culture as the execution moved from the public arena to behind the prison wall. By examining a period of dramatic change in punishment practice, this collection of essays provides a fresh historical perspective on nineteenth century execution culture, with a focus on Scotland, Wales and the regions of England. From Public Spectacle to Hidden Ritual has two parts. Part 1 addresses the criminal body and the witnessing of executions in the nineteenth century, including studies of the execution crowd and executioners’ memoirs, as well as reflections on the experience of narratives around capital punishment in museums in the present day. Part 2 explores the treatment of the execution experience in the print media, from the nineteenth and into the twentieth century. The collection draws together contributions from the fields of Heritage and Museum Studies, History, Law, Legal History and Literary Studies, to shed new light on execution culture in nineteenth century Britain. This volume will be of interest to students and academics in the fields of criminology, heritage and museum studies, history, law, legal history, medical humanities and socio-legal studies.


The English Execution Narrative, 1200–1700

The English Execution Narrative, 1200–1700
Author: Katherine Royer
Publisher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2015-10-06
Genre: History
ISBN: 1317319788

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Royer examines the changing ritual of execution across five centuries and discovers a shift both in practice and in the message that was sent to the population at large. She argues that what began as a show of retribution and revenge became a ceremonial portrayal of redemption as the political, religious and cultural landscape of England evolved.