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An Analysis of Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish

An Analysis of Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish
Author: Meghan Kallman
Publisher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 85
Release: 2017-07-05
Genre: History
ISBN: 1351352210

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Michel Foucault is famous as one of the 20th-century’s most innovative thinkers – and his work on Discipline and Punish was so original and offered models so useful to other scholars that the book now ranks among the most influential academic works ever published. Foucault’s aim is to trace the way in which incarceration was transformed between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. What started as a spectacle, in which ritual punishments were focused on the prisoner’s body, eventually became a matter of the private disciplining of a delinquent soul. Foucault’s work is renowned for its original insights, and Discipline and Punish contains several of his most compelling observations. Much of the focus of the book is on making new connections between knowledge and power, leading Foucault to sketch out a new interpretation of the relationship between voir, savoir and pouvoir – or, ‘to see is to know is to have power.’ Foucault also dwells in fascinating detail on the true implications of a uniquely creative solution to the problems generated by incarcerating large numbers of criminals in a confined space – Jeremy Bentham’s ‘panopticon,’ a prison constructed around a central tower from which hidden guards might – or might not – be monitoring any given prisoner at any given time. As Foucualt points out, the panopticon creates a prison in which inmates will discipline themselves, for fear of punishment, even when there are no guards present. He goes on to apply this insight to the manner in which all of us behave in the outside world – a world in which CCTV and speed cameras are explicitly designed to modify our behavior. Foucault’s highly original vision of prisons also ties them to broader structures of power, allowing him to argue that all previous conceptions of prison are misleading, even wrong. For Foucault, the ultimate purpose of incarceration is neither to punish inmates, nor to reduce crime. It is to produce delinquency as a way of enabling the state to control and of structure crime.


Discipline and Punish

Discipline and Punish
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Vintage
Total Pages: 364
Release: 1979
Genre: Prison discipline
ISBN:

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In this brilliant study, one of the most influential philosophers alive sweeps aside centuries of sterile debate about prison reform and gives a highly provocative account of how penal institutions and the power to punish became a part of our lives. Foucault explains the alleged failures of the modern prison by showing how the very concern with rehabilitation encourages and refines criminal activity.


Discipline and Punish

Discipline and Punish
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2019-11-14
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 014199133X

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'Imaginative, illuminating and innovative' The New York Times Book Review The grisly spectacle of public executions and torture of centuries ago has been replaced by the penal system in western society - but has anything really changed? In his revolutionary work on control and power relations in our public institutions, Michel Foucault argues that the development of prisons, police organizations and legal hierarchies has merely changed the focus of domination from our bodies to our souls. Even schools, factories, barracks and hospitals, in which an individual's time is controlled hour by hour, are part of a disciplinary society. 'Foucault's genius is called forth into the eloquent clarity of his passions ... his best book' Washington Post


Summary of Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish

Summary of Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish
Author: Everest Media,
Publisher: Everest Media LLC
Total Pages: 57
Release: 2022-04-03T22:59:00Z
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1669376486

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Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The execution of Damiens the regicide was recorded by Bouton, an officer of the watch. He was quartered, which meant his flesh was torn apart by red-hot pincers, his right hand holding the knife with which he had committed the parricide. #2 The executioner, Samson, told the court that there was no hope of succeeding. He asked their lordships if they wanted him to have the prisoner cut into pieces. The clerk of the court, Monsieur Le Breton, asked them again, and again the patient said no. The four limbs were then pulled away, and the trunk and the rest were covered with logs and faggots and fire was put to them. #3 The French prison system was based on the Léon Faucher rules, which were written in 1833. The prisoners’ day began at six in the morning in winter and five in summer. They worked for nine hours a day, two hours a day was devoted to instruction, and work ended at nine o’clock in winter and eight in summer. #4 The prison time-table of 1786 defines a certain penal style. It was a time when Europe and the United States re-organized their economy of punishment. They eliminated torture as a public spectacle, and replaced it with less physical forms of punishment.


Discipline and Punish

Discipline and Punish
Author: MEGHAN; DINI KALLMAN (RACHELE.)
Publisher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 106
Release: 2017
Genre:
ISBN: 1351350420

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Summary and Analysis of Discipline & Punish

Summary and Analysis of Discipline & Punish
Author: Acesprint
Publisher:
Total Pages: 34
Release: 2021-03-18
Genre:
ISBN:

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Dіѕсірlіnе & Punish (1975) is a сеlеbrаtеd wоrk оf rеnоwnеd French philosopher аnd ѕосіоlоgіѕt Mісhеl Foucault. Fоuсаult studies thе hіѕtоrу оf forms оf роwеr, punishment, dіѕсірlіnе and ѕurvеіllаnсе from thе Frеnсh Ancien Régime through tо more mоdеrn tіmеѕ, ѕееіng іt аѕ a rеflесtіоn оf a сhаngіng ѕосіеtу.


Quicklet on Michel Foucault's Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison (CliffNotes-like Summary)

Quicklet on Michel Foucault's Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison (CliffNotes-like Summary)
Author: Brett Davidson
Publisher: Hyperink Inc
Total Pages: 22
Release: 2012-02-29
Genre: Study Aids
ISBN: 1614648999

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ABOUT THE BOOK To read and understand Foucault is to know that you are not a free man, but in fact a prisoner/guard in a penitentiary named Western Society. Discipline and Punish changed the way the humanities and social sciences understood power and the way that I understood my place in the world. It answers questions like why non-conformists dress like all the other non-conformists and why we all try to hide the fact that we are singing to ourselves in our cars while simultaneously watching other people to see if they are singing to themselves. We all participate in maintaining the norms and rules of our society. In the Rebellious sixties, young people were attacking the establishment but they did not realize how deeply entrenched the power was and how it flowed, not from the top down, but out of all levels of society as a ubiquitous force. MEET THE AUTHOR Davidson received his BA from the University of Windsor and his MA from Carleton Universitity. He teaches history at Eldercollege in Windsor, Ontario and has published a biography of Charles G.D. Roberts. You can follow his blog at www.hubpages.com/bkeithdavidson. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK Part one “Torture” begins with the gruesome execution of convicted regicide Robert-Francois Damiens who had attempted to murder Louis XIV and had his sins cleansed by making Amene Honorable. The rest of the book then has to explain how we have moved in only two hundred years from burning hot pincers removing the flesh from your bones to sitting in prison with three meals a day. The societal pressure for the move towards lenience began only decades after the grizzly death of Damiens and came from all levels of society. This period saw the focus of judicial punishment shift from the body to the soul. To use Foucault’s phrase, “The soul is the prison of the body.” The theatrical displays that accompanied of the earlier forms of punishment are now reserved for the court room. The second part “Punishment” starts with a discussion of the reform movement of the late eighteenth century that forced sovereigns and governments in general distance themselves from the violent act of killing. Judgement was put on display and punishment was hidden away. While capital punishment still exists, it is now done clinically and behind closed doors. Society itself was changing. There was a shift away from violent crimes into property related crimes. It is important to note that while many of the middle class philosophers were writing about this problem the demand for change came from all levels of the society. The lower classes were becoming more sympathetic to the plight of the condemned and even tried to help them at times. “Discipline” is the third part of the book and it deals with the training of the soul so that the society can exert power over it. This section deals with taking the human in any form and moulding it into the desired form. Foucault uses the example of the soldier and how this used to be a position that a man had to fit before he could join an army. Foucault saw a shift in the eighteenth century whereby armies started to believe that they could make soldiers out of any man no matter his condition. This philosophy extends into the society as school, hospital, and prison all have their methods, tests, and drills designed to create the model citizen. This section also explores how these institutions use the “political technology of the body” to control the space and time of the individual to create proper behaviour. Schedules and time tables are used to control the mind and organize the body. Buy a copy to keep reading!


Discipline and Punish

Discipline and Punish
Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher: Penguin Group(CA)
Total Pages: 333
Release: 1977
Genre: Prison discipline
ISBN: 9780140137224

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Before the early 19th century, European ideas of crime and punishment tended to involve very public displays of the power of the monarch and the power of the state against the offending individual. Nowhere was this tendency more evident than in the spectacle of public executions. Those convicted of murder, piracy, counterfeiting, or other notable capital crimes would be taken to a public place for hanging or decapitation, and certain kinds of crimes warranted particularly gruesome punishments. In Discipline and Punish, social theorist Michel Foucault directly confronts and challenges a number of existing ideas surrounding the prison reforms of the late 1700s and early 1800s, and even into the twentieth century. By looking at the evolution of justice systems (focusing primarily on France), he suggests that the shift away from public executions and towards the idea of incarceration and reform within prison walls was a means of reframing the image of the power of society over the individual. Public executions often had the effect of making a criminal into a public martyr, and the ballads and broadsides printed for the common people did less to condemn the crime and more to glorify the criminal. By shifting the focus of justice into the prison and out of the public eye, authorities would have more direct control over the lives of those who had violated the norms of society.


Foucault and Education

Foucault and Education
Author: Stephen J. Ball
Publisher: Routledge
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2013-05-13
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 1135174679

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First published in 1990, this book was the first to explore Foucault's work in relation to education, arguing that schools, like prisons and asylums, are institutions of moral and social regulation, complex technologies of disciplinary control where power and knowledge are crucial. Original and challenging, the essays assess the relevance of Foucault's work to educational practice, and show how the application of Foucauldian analysis to education enables us to see the politics of educational reform in a new light.


Re-reading Foucault

Re-reading Foucault
Author: Ben Golder
Publisher: Routledge
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2013
Genre: Law
ISBN: 0415673534

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This title provides a collection which fully addresses the relevance of Foucault's thought for law. The book provides an in-depth analysis of Foucault's thought as it pertains to the crucial questions of law, government and rights.