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Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies

Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies
Author: Phillip L. Pearl, MD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Total Pages: 565
Release: 2017-12-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0826168647

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"This book fills an important and unique niche in pediatric neurology, and will be a frequently referenced textbook for all clinicians caring for children with epilepsy. It is well-organized and readable, and provides essential and up-to-date clinical data on these individually rare, but collectively more common, disorders." -Elaine Wirrell, MD, Neurology "Specialists in pediatric neurology, epilepsy, and biochemical genetics will find this volume to be indispensable for their daily practice. The organized approach to an incredibly complex set of disorders will also benefit trainees trying to make sense of the complex field and developing their own clinical approach, as knowledge about metabolic epilepsies continues to grow." -Carl E. Stafstrom, MD, PhD, Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy The continued explosion of information in neurogenetics and metabolism mandates increasing awareness of current diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in disease settings where prompt identification and intervention is crucial for a positive outcome. This thoroughly revised and greatly expanded new edition of the first book to bridge clinical epilepsy with inherited metabolic diseases brings together leading authorities to present state-of-the-art clinical reviews covering the science, recognition, and treatment of the inherited metabolic epilepsies and related disorders. Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies, Second Edition contains 15 new chapters, and all existing chapters have been updated to reflect the latest science and clinical advances in this fast-moving field. New sections on basic and clinical science —covering energetics, metabolomics, pathways, the use of novel investigations like transcranial magnetic stimulation, neuropathology, and genomic technologies—supplement the disease-focused sections. Dedicated chapters focus on recently recognized disorders having novel therapeutic implications, pyridoxal-5-phosphate dependency, Menkes disease, and thiamine transporter deficiency. The book also includes new clinical applications of genomics and advanced generation gene sequencing in the diagnosis of inherited metabolic epilepsies. This readable, well-illustrated reference concludes with an updated clinical algorithm to aid physicians in screening and identifying suspected metabolic disorders and a collection of resources for families. Features Synthesizes cutting-edge diagnostic, clinical, and scientific information on epilepsy and inborn errors of metabolism Completely updated and expanded second edition contains the latest knowledge and 15 entirely new chapters Authored and edited by international experts in neurology, metabolic disorders, and genetics A readable and well-illustrated reference for clinicians Essential coverage of the new generation of genetic tests, which were not widely available or utilized when the first edition was published New chapter on inherited metabolic epilepsies in adult


Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies

Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies
Author: Phillip L. Pearl, MD
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2012-10-04
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1617050563

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The explosion of information in neurogenetics and metabolism mandates increasing awareness of appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in the setting of certain epilepsies, especially those of very early onset. There are over 200 inherited disorders that are associated with seizures and prompt identification and intervention is crucial for a positive outcome. This text brings together leading authorities presenting state-of-the-art clinical reviews covering the science, recognition, and treatment of the inherited metabolic epilepsies and related disorders. Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies opens with a section on general principles for diagnosis and targeted intervention including screening protocols, laboratory testing, neuroimaging, seizure patterns and EEG findings, new technologies, and the ketogenic diet in metabolic epilepsies. The next two sections are devoted to the cohort of specific small molecule disorders (aminoacidopathies, organic acidopathies, mitochondrial disorders, urea cycle disorders, neurotransmitter disorders, and glucose-related disorders) and large molecule disorders (lysomal storage disorders, peroxisomal diseases, glycosylation defects, and leukodystrophies) that are treatable yet can be so vexing to clinicians and investigators. The book concludes with a clinical algorithm designed to be a resource for the physician in search of direction when considering an inherited metabolic disorder as the explanation for a patient with epilepsy. Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies Key Features: Presents the latest scientific thinking and clinical wisdom for a poorly understood group of disorders that have devastating consequences if unrecognized or not promptly treated Expert authorship from both the genetic-metabolic and epilepsy communities provides state-of-the-art guidance for understanding and managing these disorders A readable text for clinicians highlighting the relation between metabolic errors and epilepsy Concludes with a practical algorithm for evaluating a patient with a possible metabolic epilepsy


The Causes of Epilepsy

The Causes of Epilepsy
Author: Simon Shorvon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 1013
Release: 2019-05-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1108420753

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Expanded and revised, this unique book provides concise descriptions of the many causes of epilepsy, for use in clinical practice.


Clinical Child Neurology

Clinical Child Neurology
Author: Mustafa Salih
Publisher: Springer
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2019-12-09
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319431529

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This book, which will hold global appeal, adopts a problem-based approach to childhood disorders of the nervous system with the aim of supporting practicing child neurologists, pediatricians, and residents in training in their management of children with neurological disorders. Throughout, the practical assistance that it offers is based firmly on the best available current scientific evidence. The various pediatric neurologic diseases and organ systems are covered by pediatric neurologists and scientists from leading university hospitals and health centers in both the developed and the developing world. In addition to the full range of more frequent disorders, the book spans the neurological aspects of neglected tropical diseases and neurogenetic diagnostic and management algorithms utilizing the power of emerging DNA technology. A further feature is the inclusion of didactic videos relating to epileptic and movement disorders. As an open access publication with a strong clinical focus, the book will be a handy and valuable reference and resource for all practitioners who deal with childhood neurological disorders.


Genetics of Epilepsy

Genetics of Epilepsy
Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2014-09-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0444633332

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The book chapters cover different aspects of epilepsy genetics, starting with the "classical" concept of epilepsies as ion channel disorders. The second part of the book gives credit to the fact that by now non-ion channel genes are recognized as equally important causes of epilepsy. The concluding chapters are designed to offer the reader insight into current methods in epilepsy research. Each chapter is self-contained and deals with a selected topic of interest. Authors are the leading experts in the field of epilepsy research Book covers the most important aspects of epilepsy Interesting for both scientists and clinicians


Neurology Image-Based Clinical Review

Neurology Image-Based Clinical Review
Author: Jonathan Howard, MD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2016-08-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1617052809

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Neuroimaging has become an integral part of clinical neurology practice in tandem with good history taking and physical examination. This is the firstall-in-one guide, presenting illustrative examples of signature neuroimaging findings in clinical context specifically for neurologists. With more than1,500 images, the authors have assembled an accessible resource and review that presents over 170 core topics using the imaging findings as a platform to discuss pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and disease management. Written with the practitioner or student of neurology in mind, Neurology Image-based Clinical Review profiles each condition in an easy-to-read format, alongside a wealth of images designed to help developproficiency in recognizing and treating both common and rare neurologic conditions. This unique book is organized into fifteen chapters covering all major areas of neurology including stroke, hemorrhage, neoplasms, epilepsy, trauma,neurodegenerative conditions, infectious diseases, pediatric syndromes, and much more. Each topic is introduced with a brief case scenario and image-baseddiagnosis, followed by bulleted introduction, clinical presentation, radiographic appearance and diagnostic hallmarks, differential diagnosis, andtreatment. Numerous examples throughout foster familiarity with key imaging findings and confidence interpreting MRI, CT, MRA, angiography, EEG, gross, andmicroscopic neuropathology images. Selected references for further study follow each topic. Neurology Image-Based Clinical Reviewis an essential reference for medical students, practicing neurologists, residents looking to hone their knowledge, or anyone sharpening clinical andinterpretive skills for board or MOC review. Key Features: Comes with free access to the fully-searchable downloadable e-book, including an image gallery Covers the full spectrum of neurologic disease with over 170 topics and more than 1500 images Includes chapters on commonly encountered problems and rare syndromes that may be missed in the clinic Presents the latest information on clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and differential diagnoses of various neurological disorders Consistent format for easy readability and targeted review


Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies

Inherited Metabolic Epilepsies
Author: Phillip L. Pearl
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2012-10-04
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1936287250

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The explosion of information in neurogenetics and metabolism mandates increasing awareness of appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in the setting of certain epilepsies, especially those of very early onset. There are over 200 inherited disorders that are associated with seizures and prompt identification and intervention is crucial for a positive outcome. This text brings together the leading authorities working in this area to present state-of-the-art clinical reviews covering the science, recognition, and treatment of the inherited metabolic epilepsies and related disorders. The book begins with general principles for diagnosis and targeted intervention including screening protocols, laboratory testing, seizure patterns and EEG findings, imaging, new technologies, and the ketogenic diet. The next two sections are devoted to the cohort of specific small molecule and large molecule disorders that are treatable yet can be so vexing to clinicians and investigators. The book concludes with a clinical algorithm designed to be a resource for the physician in search of direction while considering an inherited metabolic disorder as the explanation for a patient with epilepsy.


Genetics of Epilepsy and Refractory Epilepsy

Genetics of Epilepsy and Refractory Epilepsy
Author: Alberto Lazarowski
Publisher: Biota Publishing
Total Pages: 121
Release: 2013-03-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1615045333

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Epilepsy affects approximately 3% of the population, and is usually defined as a tendency to experience recurrent seizures arising from periodic neuronal hyperexcitability of unknown causes. Different genetic factors, through various mechanisms, can cause this abnormal neuronal behavior. The etiology of epilepsy is a major determinant of clinical course and prognosis. Many of the genes that have been implicated in idiopathic epilepsies code for ion channels, whereas a wide spectrum of syndromes where epilepsy is a main clinical feature are caused by mutated genes that are involved in functions as diverse as cortical development, brain malformations, mitochondrial function, and cell metabolism. Similarly, different conditions as hypoxia, trauma, infections, or metabolic unbalances can develop epileptic syndromes where upregulation of several genes could be related to the epileptogenic mechanisms. The most common human genetic epilepsies display a complex pattern of inheritance, and the susceptible genes are largely unknown. However, major advances have recently been made in our understanding of the genetic basis of monogenic inherited epilepsies. As we continue to unravel the molecular genetic basis for epilepsies, it will increasingly influence their classification and diagnosis. A majority of epileptic patients may control their crisis with anticonvulsant drugs, however 30%–40% became refractory to pharmacological therapies and require surgical treatment. The challenge of the molecular revolution will be the design of the best treatment protocols based on genetic profiles that include both the specific mechanistic etiology of the epilepsies, as well as their potential refractory behavior to current medications. This includes also the design of new therapeutic agents and targets, so as to reduce the number of cases with refractory epilepsy and epileptogenesis, and perhaps avoid the current surgical treatment (a procedure that was first described more than 4000 years ago) except as a last option.


Niedermeyer's Electroencephalography

Niedermeyer's Electroencephalography
Author: Donald L. Schomer
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 1308
Release: 2012-10-18
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1451153155

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The leading reference on electroencephalography since 1982, Niedermeyer's Electroencephalography is now in its thoroughly updated Sixth Edition. An international group of experts provides comprehensive coverage of the neurophysiologic and technical aspects of EEG, evoked potentials, and magnetoencephalography, as well as the clinical applications of these studies in neonates, infants, children, adults, and older adults. This edition's new lead editor, Donald Schomer, MD, has updated the technical information and added a major new chapter on artifacts. Other highlights include complete coverage of EEG in the intensive care unit and new chapters on integrating other recording devices with EEG; transcranial electrical and magnetic stimulation; EEG/TMS in evaluation of cognitive and mood disorders; and sleep in premature infants, children and adolescents, and the elderly. A companion website includes fully searchable text and image bank.


Genetics of the Epilepsies

Genetics of the Epilepsies
Author: Gertrud Beck-Mannagetta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 3642955533

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This book provides neurologists, geneticists, pediatricians, and pharmacologists with basic knowledge for genetic counselling, while putting emphasis on the evidence of heterogeneity in this field. The volume contains separate sections on population rates, family studies on selected syndromes, and special methods and topics. Two particularly topical questions concern the prospective evaluation of morbidity risk for seizures in offspring of epileptic patients and the relationship of pharmacogenetics to epilepsy. The book aims to stimulate communication across traditional disciplinary lines and to further collaborative research.